Malaysia Bukan Sekular

28 03 2017

Salah tanggapan bahawa Perlembagaan Malaysia bersifat sekular kerap berlaku memandangkan ramai yang tidak memahami definisi sebuah negara sekular. Masih ramai yang merasakan bahawa Malaysia adalah sebuah negara sekular dengan Islam hanya sebagai agama rasmi. Perkara ini bertambah parah kerana adanya golongan yang dengan sengaja dan penuh tipu helah mendesak supaya Malaysia dinobatkan sebagai sebuah negara sekular demi untuk mencapai agenda mereka untuk menjatuhkan Agama Negara, iaitu Islam.

Untuk memahami perkara ini, kita mesti melihat dua dokumen penting, Perlembagaan Persekutuan Malaysia dan buku ‘The Principles of Secularism Illustrated’ yang ditulis oleh George Jacob Holyoake, pengasas sekularisme. Di dalam buku tersebut, George Jacob Holyoake mendefinisikan sekularisme sebagai pemisahan agama daripada pentadbiran negara. Manakala Perlembagaan Persekutuan Malaysia, melalui Perkara 3(1) mengistiharkan bahawa Islam adalah agama bagi Persekutuan.

Jika sekular bermakna memisahkan agama daripada pentadbiran negara, bagaimana mungkin Malaysia dikategorikan sebagai sebuah negara sekular sedangkan Perlembagaan Persekutuan sendiri menyebut bahawa Islam adalah agama Persekutuan?

Jadi, apakah ciri-ciri negara sekular? Kita ambil Amerika Syarikat, sebuah negara sekular yang dikenali ramai sebagai contoh. First Amendment (Amendment I) kepada Perlembagaan Amerika Syarikat menyatakan dengan khusus tentang pemisahan agama daripada pentadbiran negara selaras dengan definasi sekularisme. Ciri-ciri ini menjadikan Amerka Syarikat sebagai sebuah negara sekular.

Amendment I: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

Oleh kerana Perlembagaan Amerika memisahkan gereja (agama) daripada pentadbiran negara, maka kerajaan Amerika tidak boleh ada kena mengena dengan agama. Malah adalah melanggar perlembagaan negara itu jika lambang agama termasuk lambang agama Kristian di letakkan di atas tanah kerajaan, biarpun majoriti penduduknya adalah beragama Krisitan. Contoh terbaik ialah kes Mount Soledad Easter Cross di San Diego, California.

Pada tahun 1954, sebuah palang salib berukuran 9 meter tingginya dibangunkan di atas sebuah tanah perkuburan milik kerajaan. Perkara ini membawa kepada kes mahkamah yang berlarutan sehingga lebih 25 tahun dan akhirnya pada tahun 2011 mahkamah mengekalkan keputusan bahawa binaan palang salib di atas tanah kerajaan melambangkan sokongan kerajaan kepada agama yang tidak berperlembagaan atau “an unconstitutional government endorsement of religion” dan telah melanggar ‘First Amendment’ Perlembagaan Amerika.

Juga di Amerika, 14 palang salib putih telah didirikan di tepi lebuhraya di antara Farmington dan Kaysville di Utah bagi memperingati 14 orang anggota polis trafik lebuhraya yang terkorban di situ. Kes itu dibawa oleh kumpulan American Atheists hingga ke Mahkamah Rayuan Amerika dan akhirnya ketiga-tiga hakim mahkamah itu memutuskan bahawa salib-salib putih tersebut melanggar “Establishment Clause” Perlembagaan Amerika (“white crosses violate the Establishment Clause of the Constitution”) kerana salib-salib itu adalah lambang agama, maka tidak boleh didirikan di atas tanah kerajaan.

Contoh kedua ialah Turki, sebuah negara yang sering disalahanggap sebagai sebuah negara Islam. Walaupun 98 peratus penduduknya beragama Islam, Perkara 2 Perlembagaan Republik Turki menyebut bahawa Turki adalah negara sekular.

ARTICLE 2- The Republic of Turkey is a democratic, secular and social state governed by rule of law, within the notions of public peace, national solidarity and justice, respecting human rights, loyal to the nationalism of Atatürk, and based on the fundamental tenets set forth in the preamble.

Oleh itu, kerajaan Turki tidak boleh menggunakan apa-apa nama atau lambang agama kepada apa-apa institusi di negara itu sehinggakan kerajaan Turki terpaksa menamakan bank Islam negara itu sebagai Bank Ortak (Bank Partisipasi).

Bukan setakat itu sahaja, malah perlembagaan sekular Turki juga menghalang hak wanita Islam untuk bertudung di bangunan kerajaan seperti pejabat kerajaan, mahkamah, sekolah dan universiti. Malah, ahli parlimen Istanbul, Merve Kavakçı pernah dilarang memasuki parlimen negara itu kerana bertudung walaupun akhirnya beliau dibenarkan atas nama Hak Asasi Manusia. Namun, hak untuk wanita lain bertudung di bangunan awam masih dinafikan. Itulah keadaannya di negara sekular.

Bukan setakat itu sahaja, malah perlembagaan sekular Turki juga menghalang hak wanita Islam untuk bertudung di bangunan kerajaan seperti pejabat kerajaan, mahkamah, sekolah dan universiti. Malah, ahli parlimen Istanbul, Merve Kavakçı pernah dilarang memasuki parlimen negara itu kerana bertudung walaupun akhirnya beliau dibenarkan atas nama Hak Asasi Manusia. Namun, hak untuk wanita lain bertudung di bangunan awam masih dinafikan. Itulah keadaannya di negara sekular.

Begitu juga India. Mukadimah Perlembagaan India menyebut bahawa India adalah sebuah negara sekular.

“WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens …”

Maka, walaupun Perlembagaan India masih mengiktiraf agama, namun India tidak mempunyai agama rasmi, jauh sekali agama negara kerana sebagai sebuah negara sekular, negara India tidak boleh mempunyai agama.





Selamat Menyambut Hari Kebangsaan Ke-59

31 08 2016

Poster





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Dr. Khoo Kay Kim: Malaya For The Malays (Video)

1 09 2015

A lot of Malaysians especially the Chinese do not want to learn the history of our country and some of them even try to change the history to suit their agendas.

We must know the history of our country and learn from history to maintain the stability of our nation.

I hope the non-Malays, especially the Chinese can learn from Professor Emeritus Tan Sri Dr Khoo Kay Kim who is a Chinese, why the Malays are given the special rights as in Article 153 of our Federal Constitution.





Video: Malaysia Receives MH17 Black Boxes

22 07 2014

Below is the video of the handling over of the two MH17 black boxes from the self-proclaimed Donetsk People’s Republic (DPR) to Malaysian team in Ukraine.

Please click here for the news.





Malaysia Received MH17 Black Boxes, Remains Left Torez For Kharkiv

22 07 2014
A Malaysian investigator, left, takes a black box from Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 as it is handed over by a Donetsk People's Republic official in the city of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine Tuesday, July 22, 2014. Bowing to international pressure Monday, pro-Moscow separatists released a train packed with bodies and handed over the black boxes from the downed Malaysia Airlines plane, four days after it plunged into rebel-held eastern Ukraine. (AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky)

A Malaysian investigator, left, takes a black box from Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 as it is handed over by a Donetsk People’s Republic official in the city of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine Tuesday, July 22, 2014. Bowing to international pressure Monday, pro-Moscow separatists released a train packed with bodies and handed over the black boxes from the downed Malaysia Airlines plane, four days after it plunged into rebel-held eastern Ukraine. (AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky)

Five days after Malaysian Airlines flight MH17 was allegedly shot out of the sky, Malaysian government had succeeded to establish contact with those in charge of the MH17 crash site.

On July 22, 2014, Malaysian Prime Minister spoke to Alexander Borodai who is in command of the region where the tragedy occurred and established an agreement for Malaysia to recover the remains of the victims and the MH17 black boxes.

(Please click here for: “Prime Minister Najib Razak Statement on MH17 Agreement.”)

Malaysian officials received the two MH17 black boxes from the self-proclaimed Donetsk People’s Republic (DPR) in Ukraine.

Members of the media take pictures as a pro-Russian separatist places black boxes belonging to Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 on a desk, before their handover to Malaysian representatives, in Donetsk July 22, 2014. The remains of some of the 298 victims of the Malaysia Airlines plane downed over Ukraine were making their way to the Netherlands on Tuesday as senior Ukrainian separatist leader Aleksander Borodai handed over the plane's black boxes to Malaysian experts. REUTERS/Maxim Zmeyev

Members of the media take pictures as a pro-Russian separatist places black boxes belonging to Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 on a desk, before their handover to Malaysian representatives, in Donetsk July 22, 2014. The remains of some of the 298 victims of the Malaysia Airlines plane downed over Ukraine were making their way to the Netherlands on Tuesday as senior Ukrainian separatist leader Aleksander Borodai handed over the plane’s black boxes to Malaysian experts. REUTERS/Maxim Zmeyev

The black boxes, which record cockpit activity and flight data, were handed to Malaysian officials by the prime minister of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People’s Republic, Alexander Borodai, in front of journalists at the DPR government headquarters in Donetsk.

AFP reported Alexander Borodai as saying, “We will order a ceasefire in an area of 10 kilometres around” the site of the disaster, which killed all 298 people on board the plane.

The DPR leader Alexander Borodai thanked Malaysia and the Netherlands for sending teams here on Monday to resolve the MH17 matter:

“(Our) thanks to Malaysia and Netherlands for coming here without protection or help from Kiev (the Ukrainian government),” he said, according to a rough translation by a local – The Star.

The DPR and Malaysian officials later signed various documents at the handover ceremony .

A representative (seated L) from pro-Russian separatists and Colonel Mohamed Sakri (seated R) of the Malaysian National Security Council sign documents after the handing over of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17's black boxes, in Donetsk July 22, 2014. The remains of some of the 298 victims of the Malaysia Airlines plane downed over Ukraine were making their way to the Netherlands on Tuesday as Senior Ukrainian separatist leader Aleksander Borodai (back L, in blue blazer) handed over the plane's black boxes to Malaysian experts. REUTERS/Maxim Zmeyev

A representative (seated L) from pro-Russian separatists and Colonel Mohamed Sakri (seated R) of the Malaysian National Security Council sign documents after the handing over of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17’s black boxes, in Donetsk July 22, 2014. The remains of some of the 298 victims of the Malaysia Airlines plane downed over Ukraine were making their way to the Netherlands on Tuesday as Senior Ukrainian separatist leader Aleksander Borodai (back L, in blue blazer) handed over the plane’s black boxes to Malaysian experts. REUTERS/Maxim Zmeyev

The Star reported that DPR produced a white sack containing the black boxes which were then inspected and accepted by the Malaysian officials.

A Malaysian expert (C) examines a black box belonging to Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 during its handover from pro-Russian separatists, in Donetsk July 22, 2014. The remains of some of the 298 victims of the Malaysia Airlines plane downed over Ukraine were making their way to the Netherlands on Tuesday as Senior Ukrainian separatist leader Aleksander Borodai handed over the plane's black boxes to Malaysian experts. REUTERS/Maxim Zmeyev

A Malaysian expert (C) examines a black box belonging to Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 during its handover from pro-Russian separatists, in Donetsk July 22, 2014. The remains of some of the 298 victims of the Malaysia Airlines plane downed over Ukraine were making their way to the Netherlands on Tuesday as Senior Ukrainian separatist leader Aleksander Borodai handed over the plane’s black boxes to Malaysian experts. REUTERS/Maxim Zmeyev

Malaysian National Security Council’s Kol Mohd Shukri then thanked Alexander Borodai for handing the boxes back to Malaysia, saying:

“I would like to convey our sincere appreciation to Borodai for giving us the opportunity and entertaining our special request to hand over the two black boxes to Malaysia.” – The Star.

DPR had released the remains of the victims which had been taken by train to the city of Kharkiv accompanied by six Malaysian members of the recovery team.

The train is expected to arrive in Kharkiv on Tuesday where the remains will be handed over to representatives from the Netherlands and later to be flown to Amsterdam on board a Dutch C130 Hercules, together with the Malaysian team.

Following any necessary forensic work, the remains of Malaysian citizens will then be flown home to Malaysia.

Please click the photos for larger images:








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