Water Pollution

United Nations says that water pollution is now a serious problem.

This is a disaster.

We may not have clean water to drink!

Water pollution is dirty water because people throw rubbish in the water.

Factories throw dirty water and sometimes toxic waste into the rivers and lakes.


The oil from the ships and boats also pollute the water.


Sometimes there are not much oxygen in polluted water.

So the fishes cannot breathe and die.

There are lots of kinds of germs inside the water that is polluted.

Water pollution caused Cholera, diarrhoea, food poisoning, some skin diseases and other health problems.

Animals, human and plants can die because of diseases caused  by polluted water.

Acid rains also pollute the rivers, lakes and seas.

Acid rains are caused by air pollution.

We must stop throwing rubbish in to the water.

We must invent boats and ships that won’t pollute the water.

We must treat the water that we use at homes and factories before sending them to the river.

We must clean the polluted rivers and lakes.

We can use protozoa to eat the bacteria in the polluted water.

I want people to stop polluting the water and stop polluting our earth.

Bacteria

Bacteria are tiny one-cell micro-organisms.

They can reproduce inside or outside their hosts.

Their hosts are people, animals and plants.

Like other germs, bacteria don’t make their own food.

There bad bacteria and good bacteria.

Bad bacteria can cause eye infection, cholera, tuberculosis (TB) and others.

A bacteria named Salmonella can caused something like a very bad food poisoning.

Salmonella

They are sometimes found in eggs and peanut butter.

There are very dangerous bacteria named super bugs.

A type of super bug

Super-bugs are very difficult to be killed.

Super-bugs are usually found in hospital.

My grandfather was infected by super bugs when he was sick in UKMSC a few years ago.

The doctors said that I cannot visit him at that time because super bugs are even more dangerous to kids.

Good bacteria in our tummy keep us healthy by helping us to use nutrients from the food we eat.

We use good bacteria for making cheese and yoghurt.

A type of bacteria used to make cheese

Cheese and yoghurt are healthy food.

We also use good bacteria to make medicines and vaccines (vak-seens).

Medicines and vaccines help us to fight germs so that we can be healthy.

Uncle Azahar taught me that some bacteria can be bad bacteria if they are moved from their original site.

A(H1N1) :School In KL Closed

When it first started Influenza A(H1N1) was known as swine flu.

Three students from SJK(C) Jalan Davidson at Jalan Hang Jebat were sicken by the flu.

The school has been closed for 1 week.

The first student got the flu after a holiday in Melbourne, Australia.

Then two classmates got the virus from their classmate who was sicken by the flu.

They were the 49th and 50th cases in Malaysia.

That was called local transmissions.

Local transmission of A(H1N1) virus means someone get the A(H1N1) virus from another person in Malaysia.

2100 students and staffs of the school had been home quarantined.

That means they must stay at home and they cannot visit public and crowded places.

We can try to avoid Influenza A(H1N1) by:

  1. Avoid being in crowded places for example zoos, shopping malls, hospitals, cinemas and parks.

  2. Wash your hands carefully using anti bacteria soap for example Dettol, Protex, Lifebouy and Antabax.

  3. Cover your mouth when sneezing or coughing .

  4. Wear a mask  to cover your nose and mouth.

  5. Take vitamin C and garlic to fight germs.

  6. Take lots of water, fruit juice, tea and herb tea.

The Malaysian government is working hard to avoid the spreading of Influenza A(H1N1) virus in Malaysia.

KUALA LUMPUR: SJK (C) Jalan Davidson at Jalan Hang Jebat here has been closed for a week after two local transmissions of the influenza A(H1N1) virus were detected in the school.

Two other schools with infected students – SRK Assunta 2 in Petaling Jaya and SM Section 9 Shah Alam – will also be closed if authorities discover local transmission of the virus there.

Health Minister Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai said eight cases of the virus were confirmed yesterday, including five schoolchildren – an 11-year-old from SRK Assunta 2, a 16-year-old from SM Shah Alam, and three at Class 5 I of SJK(C) Jalan Davidson.

He said all 2,100 students and staff members of SJK(C) Jalan Davidson had been home quarantined, after the National Security Council chaired by Deputy Prime Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin agreed to close the school until Friday.

Swine Flu

Swine flu outbreak started in Mexico.

In Mexico more than 81 people died and more than 100 people were sickened by the flu.

All schools are closed in Mexico City and some other places in Mexico.

In the US at least 11 people had swine flu so far.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) fear that more people will get the flu and cause a pandemic around the world.

Swine flu pandemic can kill millions of people.

A pandemic is a disaster.

The virus that causes the flu is a mix of human, pig and bird viruses.

Some signs of swine flu are high fever, body aches, coughing, sore throat, vomiting and diarrhoea.

We can try to avoid swine flu by :

  1. Avoid being in crowded places for example shopping malls and zoos.

  2. Wash your hands carefully using anti-bacteria soap.

  3. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth because this is how germs get into our body.

  4. Cover your mouth when sneezing or coughing.

  5. Wear a mask to cover your nose and mouth.

  6. Take vitamin C and garlic to fight germs.

  7. Take lots of water, fruit juice, tea and herb tea.

swine-flu

CNN) — Mexican officials are asking citizens to avoid large crowds, refrain from kissing as a greeting and maintain a distance of at least 1.8 meters (six feet) from each other amid growing concern in the country and elsewhere over new cases of suspected and confirmed swine flu infection.

Several countries issued travel notices and tightened restrictions to brace against the virus the World Health Organization is calling “a public health emergency of international concern.”

By Sunday, 81 deaths had been deemed “likely linked” to a deadly new strain of the virus by health authorities in Mexico. Viral testing has confirmed 20 cases, said Dr. Jose A. Cordova Villalobos, Mexico’s health secretary. In the United States, the number of confirmed swine flu cases stood at 11.

In New Zealand, officials said 22 students and three teachers, who returned from a three-week-long language trip to Mexico, may have been infected with the virus.

The 25 students and teachers at Auckland’s Rangitoto College returned to New Zealand via Los Angeles on Saturday.

Fourteen have shown flu-like symptoms, with four “more unwell than others,” said Dr. Julia Peters, clinical director of Auckland Regional Public Health Service.

Health Minister Tony Ryall said 10 students tested positive for influenza A. The specimens will be sent to WHO to determine whether it is H1N1 swine influenza. H1N1 influenza is a subset of influenza A.

The WHO results are expected back by midweek. The group remains quarantined at home.

Stay Away From Some U.S. Peanut Butter

There are some peanut butter from the U. S. that can’t be eaten because they carry salmonella.

Salmonella is a bacteria that can make us very sick.

Actually bacteria is a germ.

Salmonella food poisoning gives us  diarrhoea, fever and tummy cramp.

Some people died because of salmonella food poisoning.

People use peanut butter to make cookies, ice cream, cake and other food.

Those food can’t be eaten too if they carry salmonella from the peanut butter.

Some schools in the U.S. ban peanut butter.

It means there is no peanut butter in the schools.

Anyway I don’t like peanut butter so I don’t eat peanut butter.

I think if we want to made peanut butter make sure there is no salmonella.

Peanut butter in a jar.
Peanut butter in a jar.

Peanut Butter Cookies
Peanut Butter Cookies

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The sole source of the U.S. salmonella outbreak involving contaminated peanut butter appears to be the Peanut Corp of America’s Blakely, Georgia processing facility, federal officials said on Wednesday.

More than 125 products including cookies, crackers, ice cream and even some pet food have been recalled in connection with the outbreak, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said.

Six deaths may be associated with the outbreak, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. The CDC said at least 486 people from 43 states and one person in Canada have been reported ill from the outbreak of the Salmonella typhimurium strain, with 107 of them being hospitalized.

Stephen Sundlof, director of the FDA’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, said Connecticut health authorities tested an unopened container of peanut butter from the PCA’s Blakely plant and discovered the strain linked to the outbreak of illness.

The fact that the unopened container had the strain indicates contamination did not occur after it was shipped from the facility, Sundlof said. Coupled with previous evidence, Sundlof said authorities believe the Blakely plant is the only source of the outbreak.

“That is our assumption at this point. We will continue to follow up on any leads that point us in a different direction,” Sundlof told reporters during a conference call.