What Is Universal Periodic Review
The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a mechanism of the Human Rights Council (HRC) which is an intergovernmental body made up of 47 states, to review how far the members of the United Nations follow the Human Rights. (All About The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) by SUHAKAM)
The UPR reviews all 192 United Nations (UN) Member States over a four-year cycle. The process consists of several steps. The review takes place at the Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland.
- Improvement of human rights of the people.
- How far does the state fulfil the obligations and commitments of human rights, assessment of positive development and problems that are faced by the States in fulfilling the obligations.
- Enhance the State’s capacity and technical assistance, in consultation with, and with the consent of, the State concerned.
- Sharing the best practice of human rights among States and other stakeholders.
- Support for cooperation in promotion and protecting of human rights.
- Encourage full cooperation and engagement with the HRC, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and other human rights bodies.
Recommendations are the final results of the UPR process, and are included in the final report. Although the recommendations are not binding, they act as a set of commitments by the State to improve the protection and promotion of human rights in their country. These recommendations will serve as benchmarks to the State, on what it must achieve until the next UPR cycle.
United Nations Human Rights Council’s UPR
UPR stands for Universal Periodic Review. It is a process to review how far all the countries that are members of the United Nations follow the demands made by the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC).
This year, our country, Malaysia will be reviewed by UNHRC. I think Malaysia is a very peaceful and fair country where all minority races are not being discriminated by our government.
Must all the United Nations members agree to all of the UNHRC demands? I feel that not every country needs to be the same as other countries and follow the same universal rules because every country and its citizen is unique and has different needs and values.
For example, Malaysia is an Islamic country while Roman Catholicism is the official religion of Monaco and Argentina. So, they are all different and each country has different social values and ways of live.
So, is it fair if we want all the countries in this world to follow a set of universal rules and values agreed by other countries whose needs and values are different? I think that not only it is wrong, in fact, it is against the human rights to force a country to accept any value or rule which is not suitable for the local people of the country, against their social values, religions or can cause lots of problems to the country. And it is not right to force a country to agree on something that is actually against their Constitutions and rules of laws.
PPMM’s NGI Round Table Discussion On UPR Human Rights Council 2013
War In Gaza, Palestine
There is a war in Palestine.
Israel attacked Gaza, Palestine on Dec 27, 2008.
War destroyed lots and lots and lots and lots and lots and lots of houses and buildings.
When the buildings were destroyed, there were lots and lots of thrash.
Schools were destroyed too.
It’s not good because kids cannot go to school.
There is no electricity and water too.
Lots and lots and lots and lots of people died and hurt.
Animals, plants and trees died too.
So people can’t eat vegetables and fruits.
There is more air pollution when there is no plant and trees as in SimCity 3000 Unlimited.
When I become a politician I’ll go to meetings at the United Nations in Geneva and New York to tell everybody to stop all wars.
War is a disaster.
I think war is very, very, very, very,very, very bad.