Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)?

2 01 2017

Four Malaysian opposition political parties, DAP, PKR, PAN and PPBM had signed an agreement on the 13th of December 2016.

In the agreement which is named, Perjanjian Kerjasama Pakatan Harapan – PPBM, the four parties agreed on several main issues including to uphold the Federal Constitution.

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{For the full document, please >>>click here<<<}

I read the agreement and since I am familiar with the Article 3 of the Federal Constitution, the below sentence below caught my eye:

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Screenshot taken from the agreement

The above sentence says, “To fight in accordance with the provisions and spirit of the Constitution 1957/63 especially to uphold the Federal Constitution”, but then it went on saying, “… dan agama-agama lain boleh diamalkan dengan bebas, aman dan damai di di negara ini sejajar dengan Perkara 3 …”

Well, let us take a look of what is stated in the Article 3(1) of the Federal Constitution:

“Islam ialah agama bagi Persekutuan ; tetapi agama-agama lain boleh diamalkan dengan aman dan damai di mana-mana Bahagian Persekutuan.”

Now, where did the word, “bebas” comes from and more importantly, why did they add the word “bebas” to the Article 3(1)?

Are the opposition parties trying to rewrite the Article 3(1) in order to undermine Islam as the religion of the Federation?

As the supreme law of the Federation, each word in the Articles of the Federal Constitution was chosen for a very specific reason.

The Article 3(1) states that, “… other religions may be practiced in peace and harmony” or “agama-agama lain boleh diamalkan dengan aman dan damai“; there is no such word as ‘bebas‘ in the clause, and adding the word ‘bebas‘ gives the Article a totally different meaning.

Thus, it is a violation of the Article 3(1).

How could the opposition parties pledge, “To fight in accordance with the provisions and spirit of the Constitution 1957/63 especially to uphold the Federal Constitution“, when they clearly changed and violated the Article 3(1) of the Federal Constitution?

To understand this matter, we need to know the meaning of the words, “aman dan damai” or “peace and harmony” in the context of the Article 3(1).

The word, “aman dan harmoni” in the Article 3(1), has been interpreted by the then Federal Court Judge, Tan Sri Mohamed Apandi Ali in the Court of Appeal’s judgement of the case, Titular Roman Catholic Archbishop of Kuala Lumpur v. Menteri Dalam Negeri and Kerajaan Malaysia:

[31] It is my observation that the words “in peace and harmony” in Article 3(1) has a historical background and dimension, to the effect that those words are not without significance. The Article places the religion of Islam at par with the other basic structures of the Constitution, as it is the 3 rd in the order of precedence of the Articles that were within the confines of Part I of the Constitution. It is pertinent to note that the fundamental liberties Articles were grouped together subsequently under Part II of the Constitution.

[33] In short, Article 3(1) was a by-product of the social contract entered into by our founding fathers who collectively produced the Federal Constitution, which is recognized as the Supreme Law of the country. It is my judgment that the purpose and intention of the insertion of the words: “in peace and harmony” in Article 3(1) is to protect the sanctity of Islam as the religion of the country and also to insulate against any threat faced or any possible and probable threat to the religion of Islam. It is also my judgment that the most possible and probable threat to Islam, in the context of this country, is the propagation of other religion to the followers of Islam. That is the very reason as to why Article 11(4) of the Federal Constitution came into place.

[42] It is my judgment that, based on the facts and circumstances of the case, the usage of the word “Allah” particularly in the Malay version of the Herald, is without doubt, do have the potential to disrupt the even tempo of the life of the Malaysian community. Such publication will surely have an adverse effect upon the sanctity as envisaged under Article 3(1) and the right for other religions to be practiced in peace and harmony in any part of the Federation. Any such disruption of the even tempo is contrary to the hope and desire of peaceful and harmonious co-existence of other religions other than Islam in this country.

Therefore, the phrase, “tetapi agama-agama lain boleh diamalkan dengan aman dan damai” means that the practice of religions other than Islam, must be in peace and harmony with the people of other religions, especially Islam which is the religion of the Federation; thus by adding the word, “bebas“, the opposition had violated the Federal Constitution.

In the same judgement, Tan Sri Mohamed Apandi Ali also said:

[36] The alleged infringement of the fundamental liberties of the respondent can be negated by trite law that any freedom is not absolute. Freedom cannot be unfettered, otherwise like absolute power, it can lead to chaos and anarchy. Freedom of speech and expression under Article 10(1) are subjected to restrictions imposed by law under Article 10(2)(a). Freedom of religion, under Article 11(1), as explained above is subjected to Article 11(4) and is to be read with Article 3(1).

So, contrary to what is claimed by the opposition leaders, even the Article 11(1) does not give us total freedom of religion, for it is subjected to Article 11(4) and is to be read with Article 3(1).

Article 11(1) of the Federal Constitution:

Every person has the right to profess and practise his religion and, subject to Clause (4), to propagate it.

Article 11(4) of the Federal Constitution:

State law and in respect of the Federal Territories of Kuala Lumpur, Labuan and Putrajaya, federal law may control or restrict the propagation of any religious doctrine or belief among persons professing the religion of Islam.

What is the intention of the opposition leaders in adding the word ‘bebas‘ in their reference to the Article 3(1), for the implication of the added word can undermine the position of Islam as the religion of the Federation and distort the interpretation of the Article?

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40 responses

8 05 2018
Jangan Sampai Tragedi Palestin Berulang Di Tanah Air Kita | Ahmad Ali Karim's Weblog

[…] Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)? […]

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8 05 2018
Wan Jeffery

Tiada paksaan dalm beragama

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8 05 2018
ahmadalikarim

Tuan Wan Jeffery,
Jika ayat di atas dirujuk kepada agama Islam, tolong rujuk kembali kepada ajaran Islam Ahli Sunnah Wal Jamaah.
Saya menulis artikel, “Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)?” berdasarkan tafsiran Perlembagaan kerana terdapat pindaan kepada apa yang didakwa ayat 3(1) yang akibatnya telah merendahkan kedudukan Islam di Malaysia.

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8 05 2018
Tranformasi Lebih Baik Daripada Ubah | MediaLantang.Com

[…] Lihat perjanjian berkenaan di link berikut :-Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)? […]

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8 05 2018
Tranformasi Lebih Baik Daripada Ubah – GengAtasPagar.Com

[…] Lihat perjanjian berkenaan di link berikut :- https://ahmadalikarim.wordpress.com/2017/01/02/perjanjian-dap-pkr-pan-ppbm-untuk-meminda-perkara-31/. […]

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7 05 2018
7 05 2018
Tranformasi Lebih Baik Daripada Ubah | MYKMU.NET

[…] Lihat perjanjian berkenaan di link berikut :- Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)? […]

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7 05 2018
Tranformasi Lebih Baik Daripada Ubah | TV14

[…] Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)? […]

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25 04 2018
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[…] Malangnya masih ada orang Melayu yang belum sedar! […]

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30 03 2018
Antara ‘Delusional Disorder’ Dan Muslihat DAP | Ahmad Ali JetPlane

[…] Tidak menghairankan kerana di dalam perjanjian Pakatan DAP bersama PPBM dua tahun yang lepas, terdapat cubaan untuk menyamaratakan kedudukan Islam supaya menjadi setaraf dengan agama-agama lain dengan cara meminda ayat Perkara 3(1) Perlembagaan Persekutuan, sila baca, Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)? […]

Liked by 1 person

30 03 2018
Antara ‘Delusional Disorder’ Dan Muslihat DAP | Ahmad Ali Karim's Weblog

[…] Tidak menghairankan kerana di dalam perjanjian Pakatan DAP bersama PPBM dua tahun yang lepas, terdapat cubaan untuk menyamaratakan kedudukan Islam supaya menjadi setaraf dengan agama-agama lain dengan cara meminda ayat Perkara 3(1) Perlembagaan Persekutuan, sila baca, Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)? […]

Liked by 1 person

24 03 2018
Tun M Sudah Keterkucilan dan “Freak Out”? | Ahmad Ali Karim's Weblog

[…] I asked a simple and direct question on the intention of the DAP-led opposition parties in adding the word “bebas” to the Article 3(1) and I deserve an honest answer as it involves the ideology of my country. (Please read: Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)?) […]

Liked by 1 person

24 03 2018
Tun M Sudah Keterkucilan dan “Freak Out”? | Ahmad Ali JetPlane

[…] I asked a simple and direct question on the intention of the DAP-led opposition parties in adding the word “bebas” to the Article 3(1) and I deserve an honest answer as it involves the ideology of my country. (Please read: Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)?) […]

Liked by 1 person

13 03 2018
Buku Harapan – Dimana Agenda Islam Dalam Manifesto PH? | Ahmad Ali JetPlane

[…] Sila baca, Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)? […]

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13 03 2018
Buku Harapan – Dimana Agenda Islam Dalam Manifesto PH? | Ahmad Ali Karim's Weblog

[…] Sila baca, Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)? […]

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13 03 2018
Lagi Usaha Parti Pembangkang Menipu Umat Islam | Ahmad Ali JetPlane

[…] posting my article, “Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)“, I had a discussion with law experts to confirm another part of the agreement that makes me […]

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12 03 2018
Kit Siang Akan Pinda Perlembagaan DAP? | Ahmad Ali JetPlane

[…] (Sila baca Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)? ) […]

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12 03 2018
Kit Siang Akan Pinda Perlembagaan DAP? | Ahmad Ali Karim's Weblog

[…] (Sila baca Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)? ) […]

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1 01 2018
My Highlights of 2017 | Ahmad Ali Karim's Weblog

[…] the 12th of January, I received a letter from Tun Dr. Mahathir, replying to my article,“Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)?” In the article, I did not even mention Tun M’s name but only commented about how the […]

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1 01 2018
My Highlights of 2017 | Ahmad Ali JetPlane

[…] the 12th of January, I received a letter from Tun Dr. Mahathir, replying to my article,“Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)?” In the article, I did not even mention Tun M’s name but only commented about how the […]

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22 09 2017
Beranikah Tun M Menjawab 8 Soalan Ini? | Ahmad Ali Karim's Weblog

[…] Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM mahu meminda Perkara 3(1) Perlembagaan […]

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22 09 2017
Beranikah Tun M Menjawab 8 Soalan Ini? | Ahmad Ali JetPlane

[…] Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM mahu meminda Perkara 3(1) Perlembagaan […]

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19 09 2017
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[…] Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)? […]

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19 09 2017
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[…] Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)? […]

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15 09 2017
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[…] Tan Sri knew that we would be asking him about his infamous brother, PAN’s Khalid Samad whom he briefly mentioned during his speech and we also talked about the letter that Tun Dr Mahathir wrote to me in response to my blog article, Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)? […]

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15 09 2017
Speaking to Tan Sri Shahrir Samad, a Great Leader | Ahmad Ali Karim's Weblog

[…] Tan Sri knew that we would be asking him about his infamous brother, PAN’s Khalid Samad whom he briefly mentioned during his speech and we also talked about the letter that Tun Dr Mahathir wrote to me in response to my blog article, Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)? […]

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13 08 2017
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[…] (Please read: Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)?) […]

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12 08 2017
Tun M, Tolong Jawab Soalan Saya Yang Tun Gagal Jawab Dalam Surat Tun | Ahmad Ali Karim's Weblog

[…] (Please read: Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)?) […]

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12 08 2017
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[…] (Please read: Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)?) […]

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31 03 2017
Grow Up, MCA! | Ahmad Ali Karim's Weblog

[…] freely” in both Articles. Maybe Tay came across the word “bebas” in the Perjanjian Kerjasama Pakatan Harapan – PPBM and was confused by […]

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31 03 2017
Grow Up, MCA! | Ahmad Ali JetPlane

[…] freely” in both Articles. Maybe Tay came across the word “bebas” in the Perjanjian Kerjasama Pakatan Harapan – PPBM and was confused by […]

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[…] Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)? […]

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13 01 2017
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[…] Yesterday evening I was stunned when my father showed me a letter that was address to me from former Prime Minister, Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad, in replying to my blog article, Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)? […]

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5 01 2017
Lagi Usaha Parti Pembangkang Menipu Umat Islam | Ahmad Ali Karim's Weblog

[…] posting my article, “Perjanjian DAP, PKR, PAN, PPBM Untuk Meminda Perkara 3(1)“, I received two comments from two law experts regarding another important part of the […]

Like

4 01 2017
G SASEE DARAN

The word “bebas” can distrupt “aman” and “damai”… think deep, wahai rakyat Malaysia…

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4 01 2017
ahmadalikarim

Dear G Sasee Daran,
Yes, one word can make a big difference and can distort the meaning of the Article. But sadly, a lot of us failed to understand the consequences until it is too late. We are too busy fighting against each other that we didn’t realise what is more important and who are our real enemy.

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3 01 2017
PANPINPUN

DAP are known to hold u by the balls if the janji profit them…not the other way around

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4 01 2017
ahmadalikarim

Dear PANPINPUN,
Generally, people do not bother about studying the constitution apart from the fact that the constitution is our supreme law and the foundation of the federation. For people who are not familiar with the Article 3(1) of the Federal Constitution of Malaysia, at a glance they may not be able to see that the word ‘bebas’ was added to the Article 3(1) in the agreement. Furthermore, some people think that a word bebas make no difference to the meaning of the said Article. I find that it is crucial for me to write because I think that the word ‘bebas’ was added with an intention to amend the Article so that they can do what they want in terms of undermining Islam as what DAP always try to do supported by PKR, PAN and PPBM.
re: “DAP are known to hold u by the balls if the janji profit them…not the other way around”
Yes, I agree.

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3 01 2017
PANPINPUN

meaning…later the evangelist will be bebas to prolifrate Christianity among Muslim….and yet all those Muslim in PKR, Bersatu and PAN…mislook or miscalculate the impact of this simple word!!!!

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